Blepharospasm Dystonia of the Eyelids and Brow Blepharospasm is a focal dystonia. Individuals with blepharospasm have normal vision, but forced closure of the eyelids may interfere with sight. Blepharospasm and facial dystonias. Eye dystonia (the medical term is Blepharospasm) is uncontrollable and often painful muscle contractions around the eye. Symptoms of eye dystonia may include excessive blinking and involuntary closure of the eyelids. The cause is believed to be incorrect messages from the brain to the muscles around the eye.
Meige's syndrome is a form of cranial dystonia characterized by the presence of bilateral dystonic spasms of the facial muscles and frequently of other cranial muscles as well. Its most common and disabling manifestation is blepharospasm which can render the patient functionally blind. Mar 13, · Cranio-facial dystonia is a term used to describe dystonia that affects the muscles of the head, face, and neck (such as blepharospasm). The term Meige syndrome is sometimes applied to cranio-facial dystonia accompanied by blepharospasm. Oromandibular dystonia affects the muscles of the jaw, lips, and tongue.
The manifestation of blepharospasm is an involuntary movement that involves the upper face, and may also involve the lower face, tongue, pharynx, jaw, neck, or other body segments. However, these movements are usually not suppressible, because they are involuntary and not under the direct control of the person with them. The manifestation of blepharospasm is an involuntary movement that involves the eyelid and brow muscles, and dystonia may also involve the lower face, tongue, pharynx, jaw, neck, or .
Many cases of focal dystonia can be treated with botulinum toxin injection, which can virtually eliminate the jerky posturing of the head in torticollis or the eye spasms of blepharospasm. Some children with generalized dystonia, known as dopa-responsive dystonia, respond dramatically to levodopa and related medications.